One of the more familiar tunes is the opening theme, taken from the folk ballad “The Green Leaves of Summer”, composed by Dimitri Tiomkin and Paul Francis Webster for the opening of John Wayne’s movie “The Alamo” (1960). As is usual for a Quentin Tarantino film, the music used in the film is eclectic, but mostly consisting of music in the spaghetti-western genre[72]. The soundtrack was released on August 18, 2009.

Tarantino originally wanted Ennio Morricone to compose the soundtrack for the film. Morricone refused, because of the sped-up production schedule of the film.[73] However, Tarantino did use several tracks by Morricone from previous films in the soundtrack.

Inglourious Basterds

Theatrical poster
Directed by Quentin Tarantino
Produced by Lawrence Bender
Written by Quentin Tarantino
Starring Brad Pitt
Mélanie Laurent
Christoph Waltz
Michael Fassbender
Eli Roth
Diane Kruger
Daniel Brühl
Til Schweiger
Cinematography Robert Richardson
Editing by Sally Menke
Studio A Band Apart
Zehnte Babelsberg
Distributed by United States:
The Weinstein Company
Universal Pictures
Release date(s) May 20, 2009 (Cannes)
August 19, 2009 (UK)
August 20, 2009 (Aus)
August 21, 2009 (US)
Running time 153 min.
152 min. (Cannes)
Country United States
Language English
Budget $70 million[1]
Gross revenue $140,778,363[2]

Inglourious Basterds is a 2009 World War II revenge film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino and released in August 2009 by The Weinstein Company and Universal Pictures. It was filmed in several locations, among them Germany and France,[3] beginning in October 2008.[4] The film, set in German-occupied France, tells the story of two plots to assassinate the Nazi German political leadership, one planned by a young French Jewish cinema proprietress, the other by a team of Allied American scalp-hunters.

Tarantino has repeatedly stressed that despite its being a war film, Inglourious Basterds is a “spaghetti western but with World War II iconography”.[5] In addition to spaghetti westerns, the film also pays homage to the World War II “macaroni combat” sub-genre (itself heavily influenced by spaghetti-westerns).

Inglourious Basterds was accepted into the main selection at the 62nd Cannes Film Festival in competition for the prestigious Palme d’Or and had its world premiere there in May.[6] It was the only U.S. film to win an award at Cannes that year, earning a Best Actor award for Christoph Waltz.



[edit] Title

The title of the film was inspired by Italian director Enzo Castellari‘s 1978 Dirty Dozen-like war film The Inglorious Bastards. However, Tarantino’s film is not a remake. To date, there has been little explanation of the title spelling (in English, the correct spelling would be “Inglorious Bastards”, without the extra u in Inglourious and with an a instead of an e in Basterds). When asked, Tarantino would not explain the u and said, “But the ‘Basterds’? That’s just the way you say it: Basterds.”[7] At the Cannes film festival it was said that the misspelled title is “an artistic flourish. A Basquiat touch, if you will.” He further commented on The Late Show with David Letterman that “Inglourious Basterds” is the “Tarantino way of spelling it.” In the film itself, the words are briefly shown in their misspelled form on Aldo’s rifle, implying he is not fully literate.

[edit] Plot

[edit] Chapter 1: Once Upon A Time…In Nazi Occupied France

The film opens in Nazi-occupied France, in 1941. Colonel Hans Landa, (Christoph Waltz) of the Waffen-SS and SD, the “Jew Hunter,” interrogates Perrier LaPadite (Denis Menochet), a French dairy farmer, about rumors that he had been hiding a Jewish family. Landa manages to break down LaPadite and locates the hiding place of the Jews underneath the floorboards. He orders his soldiers to fire into the floorboards, killing all but the teenage Shosanna Dreyfus (Mélanie Laurent), who escapes.

[edit] Chapter 2: Inglourious Basterds

We are then introduced to the eponymous Basterds, a team of Jewish American paratroopers from the Office of Strategic Services (the precursor to the CIA‘s Special Activities Division). 1st Lieutenant Aldo Raine aka “Aldo the Apache” (Brad Pitt), their leader, announces their mission and goal: to cause panic and havoc within the Third Reich by savagely killing as many German servicemen as possible, adopting a “take no prisoners” attitude and scalping their victims, with orders to get 100 scalps each. In the next scene, the Basterds are shown at work in occupied France, scalping a unit of Nazi troops. They have acquired a German Jewish member, Hugo Stiglitz (Til Schweiger), recruited by Raine due to him killing 13 Gestapo majors, and their modus operandum now includes leaving one soldier as a witness in order to spread the news of the terror of their attacks; they carve a Nazi Swastika into the survivor’s forehead.

[edit] Chapter 3: German Night in Paris

Three years after her escape, Shosanna reappears in Paris, having assumed the identity of one “Emmanuelle Mimieux”, and has also become the proprietress of a small cinema. How she managed to do so is not revealed. She meets Frederick Zoller (Daniel Brühl), a German marksman turned war hero whose exploits are to be celebrated in a forthcoming propaganda film, Stolz der Nation (A Nation’s Pride),. Zoller is a fictional German counterpoint to real American heroes, Alvin York and Audie Murphy [5]. Although Shosanna coldly brushes off Zoller’s advances, Zoller, in attempt to impress her, manages to convince Nazi Propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels (Sylvester Groth) to have the “Stolz der Nation” movie premiere at her theater with Hitler (Martin Wuttke) himself and some of his other subordinates such as Hermann Göring, and Martin Bormann in attendance.

Shosanna realizes that the presence of so many high-ranking German officials and officers provides an excellent opportunity for revenge. With the help of her projectionist boyfriend, Marcel (Jacky Ido), she resolves to burn down her cinema using the massive quantities of flammable nitrate film in her storage rooms during the premiere, and splices a film of herself into the fourth reel. She tells the Germans present of her Jewish identity and intention to exact revenge upon them.

[edit] Chapter 4: Operation Kino

The British have also learned of the Nazi leadership’s plan to attend the premiere and their General Ed Fenech (Mike Myers) dispatches a British officer and Third Reich film expert, Lt. Archie Hicox (Michael Fassbender), to Paris to lead an attack on the cinema premier with the aid of the Basterds and a German double agent, an actress named Bridget von Hammersmark (Diane Kruger). Hammersmark arranges to meet Hicox and the Basterds in the basement of a French tavern, a location which aggravates Aldo when he sees it. Unbeknown to her, however, the night of the rendezvous is also the occasion of a German staff sergeant (Alexander Fehling) celebrating the birth of his son with his fellow comrades. Some of the Germans notice that Hicox’s German accent is odd, and a suspicious SS officer (August Diehl) becomes convinced of the deception when Hicox orders three whiskies by holding up his index, middle and ring fingers (Hammersmark later explains that a German would have used his thumb, index and middle fingers). A firefight breaks out, followed by a Mexican standoff, in which everyone in the tavern is killed, including several Basterds, except Hammersmark who is wounded in her left leg.

Raine interrogates Hammersmark as she briefs him on the changes for the cinema premiere including Hitler’s attendance. Raine decides to continue the operation against the cinema with the surviving members of the Basterds, Donny (Eli Roth), Smithson, (B. J. Novak), and Omar (Omar Doom), disguised as Italian escorts of Hammersmark. Colonel Landa, however, investigates the killings at the tavern and retrieves Hammersmark’s shoe along with a napkin that Hammersmark had autographed for the staff sergeant’s newborn son.

[edit] Chapter 5: Revenge of the Giant Face

At the theater Landa approaches Hammersmark, Raine, and the Basterds and sees through their (and in Raine’s case thoroughly transparant) false identities. He questions Hammersmark in a private room and makes her try on the shoe he had retrieved from the tavern, which fits perfectly. He then strangles her to death and orders the arrest of Raine and Utivich.

After removing Raine and Utivich from the cinema, Landa proposes a deal: he will allow the assassination of the Nazi leadership, which would put an end to the war, if he is given immunity from any war crimes prosecution, the Medal of Honor for himself and the Basterds, a full military pension, and land on Nantucket Island. Raine’s commanding officer (Harvey Keitel in a cameo appearance) agrees to the deal.

At the premiere, the film begins; all we see of it is a series of shot of Zoller killing Americans. Zoller, seemingly uncomfortable, goes up to the projectionist‘s booth, where Shosanna is setting up her attack, while Marcel waits behind the cinema screen ready to set the film reels on fire. Zoller angrily protests at her constant rejections of him. Shosanna reacts by shooting him, and he apparently falls dead. Feeling pity, Shoshanna goes over to his body, but Zoller is not dead and shoots Shosanna dead before succumbing to his own injuries.

The cinema audience is astonished when the fourth reel of the film begins with an interspliced shot of Shosanna announcing that she is a Jew and they are to burn. Marcel sets the nitrate film aflame, causing panic in the auditorium. At this point, the film is revealed to be set in an alternate version of World War II, as Donny and Omar ambush Hitler in his box and gun him down, along with the other Nazi leaders. With the doors locked and the cinema burning, Raine’s men fire hundreds of rounds randomly into the crowd. Shortly after, the dynamite that Landa had set up, and the dynamite being worn by the two remaining Basterds, detonates, destroying the theater and killing everyone inside.

In the final scene, Landa sets off with Raine and Utivich toward the American lines where he intends to turn himself in as part of the deal he has made. At the lines, he surrenders to Raine and hands over his weapons in a symbolic act of surrender. Raine orders Landa handcuffed, shoots Landa’s driver dead, and tells Utivich to scalp the driver; he tells the appalled Landa that his superiors will only “chew him out” for this violation of the deal’s terms. Finally, Raine, suspecting Landa will get rid of his Nazi uniform, decides to give him “a uniform he can’t get rid of,” and carves a swastika into his forehead. Raine had earlier described the difficulty of carving a neat swastika, but in the film’s final line he declares, “This just might be my masterpiece.” as Utvich and he smile in agreement over the screaming Landa.

[edit] Cast

Eli Roth, Mélanie Laurent, and producer Lawrence Bender at a premiere for the film in August 2009

[edit] The Allies

[edit] The Basterds

  • Brad Pitt as 1st Lieutenant Aldo Raine, aka “Aldo the Apache”:[8] A thickly accented, vengeance-driven officer from Maynardville, Tennessee, who puts together a team of eight soldiers. He claims to be a descendant of mountain man Jim Bridger and bears a rope burn on his neck, which is not mentioned in the film (the script implies that he might have survived a lynching once). One of the film’s protagonists, the character has been described as “a voluble, freewheeling outlaw” similar to Jules Winnfield from Tarantino’s Pulp Fiction.[9] The character’s name is a tribute to the character actor Aldo Ray, who appeared as a tough soldier in many WWII films such as Men in War, Battle Cry, and What Did You Do in the War, Daddy?. Main “Basterd”.
  • Eli Roth as Staff Sergeant Donny Donowitz aka “The Bear Jew”:[10] A “baseball bat-swinging Nazi hunter” from Boston who is known as “The Bear Jew” among German servicemen.[11] Some of them fear that Donowitz is in fact, a vengeful golem, summoned by an angry rabbi. According to Roth, the baseball bat he wields is signed by all the Jews from his neighborhood in Boston. Tarantino reportedly wanted Adam Sandler to play the role of Donowitz, but he declined due to schedule conflicts with the film Funny People.[12] Roth, a professional film director, also directed the film-within-a-film, Nation’s Pride, which alludes to German wartime propaganda films. Main “Basterd”.
  • Til Schweiger as Hugo Stiglitz: A strange and quiet German psychopath, formerly an Oberfeldwebel in the Wehrmacht before he killed 13 SS Gestapo majors, whom Aldo recruits to kill other German troops. The character’s name is a tribute to the famous 70s B-movie mexploitation actor Hugo Stiglitz.[13] Main “Basterd”.
  • Gedeon Burkhard as Corporal Wilhelm Wicki: An Austro-German Jew[14] who immigrated to the United States, becoming a citizen as the Third Reich established itself in Europe, and was subsequently drafted. Wicki acts as the Basterds’ translator. Minor “Basterd”.
  • B. J. Novak as PFC Smithson Utivich aka “The Little Man”[15]: In an interview with Esquire magazine, Novak theorizes that PFC Utivich came from a family that named their son Smithson in an attempt to integrate themselves into the WASP-y mainstream and that signing up to fight against the Axis powers is his attempt to reclaim his Jewish heritage. Main “Basterd”.
  • Omar Doom as PFC Omar Ulmer[16]: Tarantino, who has been friends with Doom since 1998[17] and encouraged him to become an actor,[17] called Doom just two weeks before shooting was scheduled to begin to cast him in the role.[18] Main “Basterd”.
  • Samm Levine as PFC Gerold Hirschberg.[19] Minor “Basterd”.
  • Paul Rust as PFC Andy Kagan: A character Tarantino added in after meeting Rust.[20] Minor “Basterd”.
  • Michael Bacall as PFC Michael Zimmerman. Minor “Basterd”.
  • Carlos Fidel as PFC Simon Sakowitz.[21] Minor “Basterd”.

[edit] Other Americans

  • Bo Svenson as American Colonel: Quentin Tarantino said he gave Svenson a small cameo that will be hard to recognize. He is the colonel in Nation’s Pride. He is seen briefly in the movie but can be seen more closely in the Nation’s Pride trailer.
  • Harvey Keitel as the Basterds’ commanding officer. The character is heard only over the radio in a call to Raine and Landa.

[edit] The British

  • Michael Fassbender as Lt. Archie Hicox: A “snappy and handsome British lieutenant” and a film critic in his pre-war civilian life. He is described in the screenplay as a “young George Sanders type”. Tarantino originally talked to Simon Pegg about portraying Lt. Archie Hicox, but the actor was forced to drop out due to scheduling difficulties[22] having already agreed to appear in Spielberg’s Tintin adaptation. However, Pegg did make Tarantino promise to cast him in his next film.[23]
  • Mike Myers as General Ed Fenech: A “legendary British military mastermind” who provides a plot to kill the German leadership.[24] Myers, a fan of Tarantino, had inquired about doing a role in the movie, since Myers’ parents were in the British Armed Forces. Some critics have considered Myers’ performance to be similar to that of Tom Cruise as Les Grossman in Tropic Thunder and possibly reviving Myers’ career after his light failure The Love Guru, which aside from the popular Shrek movies has largely stalled since Austin Powers in Goldmember was released in 2002.[25]
  • Rod Taylor as Winston Churchill: The then-Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.[26] Taylor, who was effectively retired from acting and no longer had a talent agent, came out of retirement when Tarantino offered him the role of Churchill in the film.[27] Tarantino contacted Taylor’s business manager to offer Taylor the part.[27] Taylor initially recommended British actor Albert Finney for the role during their conversation, but agreed to take the part because of Tarantino’s “passion.”[27] Tarantino said he would cast Finney if Taylor had turned him down.[27] In preparation for the role, Taylor watched dozens of DVDs with footage of Churchill in order to get the Prime Minister’s posture, body language and voice, including a lisp, correct.[27] Taylor shot his scenes in Germany for ten days.[27] Tarantino, who described himself as a fan of Taylor’s work, especially the 1969 film Dark of the Sun, screened many of Taylor’s films for the German actors and staff before he arrived for his scenes.[27] In the event, Taylor speaks only two lines in the finished film.

[edit] The French

[edit] The German resistance

[edit] The Nazis

Waltz at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival

  • Christoph Waltz as Standartenführer Hans Landa aka “The Jew Hunter”. Landa is the central antagonist: a romantic, yet sinister pipe-smoking German Waffen-SS-turned-SD officer so nicknamed in reference to his keen ability to locate Jews hiding throughout France.[15] He is well-versed in languages, being able to speak fluent English, French and Italian in addition to his native German. Landa can also be a charming detective. Tarantino has remarked that this might be the greatest character he’s ever written. Tarantino originally sought for Leonardo DiCaprio to be cast as Landa.[32] The director then decided to have the character played by a German actor.[11] The role ultimately went to the Austrian Waltz, who, according to Tarantino, “gave me my movie back,” as he felt the movie couldn’t be made without Landa as a character but feared the part was “unplayable.”[33]
  • Daniel Brühl as Schütze Fredrick Zoller: A young German Wehrmacht war hero starring in Joseph Goebbels‘ newest propaganda film entitled “Stolz der Nation” (actually directed by the Jewish Eli Roth).[26][34] Despite liking the attention his exploits have brought him, he is not exactly proud that his fame comes from killing hundreds of U.S. soldiers, claiming he had done it in self-defense. He is attracted to Shoshanna, unaware of her heritage or her revenge plan. This character name shares similarities to producer Frederick Zollo, for whom Eli Roth was an intern while attending NYU.[citation needed]
  • August Diehl as Sturmbannführer Dieter Hellstrom: A uniformed Gestapo major.[26]
  • Alexander Fehling as Oberfeldwebel Wilhelm, a German staff sergeant celebrating the birth of his son at a French tavern.
  • Sönke Möhring as Gefreiter Butz,[26] a lone survivor of an attack by the Basterds.
  • Richard Sammel as Feldwebel Werner Rachtman, the ill-fated nazi sergeant[26]
  • Sylvester Groth as Joseph Goebbels.[26]
  • Martin Wuttke as Adolf Hitler.[26]
  • Julie Dreyfus as Francesca Mondino: Joseph Goebbel’s Italian mistress, French interpreter and favourite actress to appear in his films.[35]
  • Ludger Pistor as Wolfgang:[26] A role Tarantino added specifically for him.
  • Enzo G. Castellari as Obergruppenführer: A nameless German General, although strangely credited as “himself” in the film. Castellari had done a German cameo in his own Inglorious Bastards and reprised the role in this movie as well, but under a different rank and SS organization.[36][37][38]

[edit] Other roles

  • Samuel L. Jackson as The Raconteur, a narrator, who is heard only twice in the movie, first explaining the notoriety of Hugo Stiglitz in the German army, and second explaining how nitrate film reels are highly flammable and could be of great help to Shoshanna’s plans.

[edit] Deleted characters

  • Cloris Leachman as Mrs. Himmelstein: An elderly Jewish woman living in Boston.[26] Although filmed, the scenes featuring Mrs. Himmelstein drinking tea with Donny Donowitz (and signing his trademark baseball bat afterwards) were cut from the final film. Tarantino says that he might use the footage in the prequel instead.[citation needed]
  • Maggie Cheung as Madame Ada Mimeux: Although her scenes were cut for length reasons,[39] Cheung played Madame Mimieux, a beautiful French woman who owned the cinema marquee in Paris where most of the movie is set.[40] In the final cut, the cinema is owned by Shosanna using the name “Mimieux” as her alias.

[edit] Development

Quentin Tarantino spent more than a decade writing the script because, as he told Charlie Rose in an interview, he became “too precious about the page,” meaning the story kept growing and expanding. Tarantino viewed the script as his ultimate masterpiece in the making, so he felt it had to become the best thing he’d ever written. Tarantino described an early premise in October 2001: “[It’s] my bunch-of-guys-on-a-mission film. [It’s] my Dirty Dozen or Where Eagles Dare or Guns of Navarone kind of thing.”[41] The premise had begun as a Western and evolved into a World War II version of The Good, the Bad and the Ugly set in German-occupied France. The story changed to be about two maverick units from the United States Army that had “a habit of scalping Germans”.[42]

Actor Michael Madsen, who appeared in Tarantino’s Reservoir Dogs and Kill Bill, was originally reported to star in the movie, then spelled Inglorious Bastards, which had been scheduled for release in 2004.[43] By 2002, Tarantino found Inglourious Basterds to be a bigger film than planned and saw that other directors were working on World War II films.[44] By this point, he had produced three nearly finished scripts, saying, “[It was] some of the best writing I’ve ever done. But I couldn’t come up with an ending.”[45] Consequently, the director held off his planned film and moved on to direct the two-part movie Kill Bill (2003–2004) with Uma Thurman in the lead role.[44]

After the completion of Kill Bill, Tarantino trimmed the length of the script, which was reportedly three films long, to 222 pages,[46] and planned to begin production of Inglourious Basterds late in 2005.[42] The revised premise focused on a group of soldiers who escape from their executions and embark on a mission to help the Allies. He described the men as “not your normal hero types that are thrown into a big deal in the Second World War”.[47] He continued to describe the film as a spaghetti western set in German-occupied France, specifically around the time of D-Day (June 6, 1944) and afterward.[48] He explained his intent:

I’m going to find a place that actually resembles, in one way or another, the Spanish locales they had in spaghetti westerns – a no man’s land. With US soldiers and French peasants and the French resistance and German occupation troops, it was kind of a no man’s land. That will really be my spaghetti Western but with World War II iconography. But the thing is, I won’t be period specific about the movie. I’m not just gonna play a lot of Édith Piaf and Andrews Sisters. I can have rap, and I can do whatever I want. It’s about filling in the viscera.[49]

The director described the scale of the project:

“It’ll be epic and have my take of the sociological battlefield at that time with the racism and barbarism on all sides – the Nazi side, the American side, the black and Jewish soldiers and the French, because it all takes place in France.”

In November 2004, the director decided to hold off production of Inglourious Basterds and instead film a kung fu movie entirely in Mandarin.[50] This project floundered too, and he ultimately directed a part of the 2007 Grindhouse instead, returning to work on what was now renamed Inglourious Basterds after finishing promotion for Grindhouse.[51]

[edit] Production

Tarantino teamed with The Weinstein Company to prepare what he planned to be his epic masterpiece for production.[52] In September 2007, The Irish Times reported the film’s scheduled release for 2008, writing, “Inglourious Basterds, a war movie that may eventually resemble The Dirty Dozen merged with Cross of Iron, has been predicted more often than the second coming of the Lord.”[53]

In July 2008, Tarantino and the Weinsteins set up an accelerated production schedule to be completed for release at the Cannes Film Festival in 2009. The Weinstein Company co-financed the film and distributed it in the United States.[54] The company signed a deal with Universal Pictures to finance the rest of the film and distribute it internationally.[55] Germany and France[56] were scheduled as filming locations.[57] Filming was scheduled to begin on October 13, 2008,[10] and shooting started that week.[4] Special Effects were handled by K.N.B. EFX Group with Greg Nicotero.[26] Much of the film was shot and edited primarily in the famous Babelsberg Studios in Potsdam, Germany, the oldest large-scale film studio in the world, and in Bad Schandau, a small village near the German border with the Czech Republic.[17]

Following the film’s screening at Cannes, Tarantino stated that he would be re-editing the film in June before its ultimate theatrical release, allowing him time to finish assembling several scenes that weren’t completed in time for the hurried Cannes premiere.[58]

[edit] Exhibition

After the final draft of the script was finished, it was leaked on the web. Several Tarantino fan sites began posting reviews and excerpts from the script.[59] Principal photography started mid-October 2008 on location in Germany.

The first trailer for the film, a teaser, premiered on Entertainment Tonight on February 10, 2009, and was shown in US theaters the following week attached to Friday the 13th. The trailer features excerpts of Lt. Aldo Raine talking to the rest of ‘the basterds’, informing them of the plan to ambush and kill, torture, and scalp unwitting German servicemen, intercut with various other scenes from the movie. It also features the spaghetti-westernesque kickers Once Upon A Time In Nazi Occupied France (originally considered as a subtitle for the film) and A Basterd’s Work is Never Done, a line not spoken in the final film.

The film was released on August 19 in the United Kingdom, France, Belgium and the Republic of Ireland, two days earlier than the US release. Some European cinemas, however, showed previews starting on August 15.

[edit] Reception

Critical reviews have, on the whole, been very positive.

Critic James Berardinelli gave the film his first 4/4 star review of 2009, stating, “With Inglourious Basterds, Quentin Tarantino has made his best movie since Pulp Fiction,” and that it was “one hell of an enjoyable ride.”[60] Roger Ebert also gave the film a four-star review, writing that “Quentin Tarantino’s “Inglourious Basterds” is a big, bold, audacious war movie that will annoy some, startle others and demonstrate once again that he’s the real thing, a director of quixotic delights.” [61] Nick Jones of Palm Springs Guides, giving the film 5/5, started off his review with “Quentin Tarantino’s “Inglourious Basterds” is easily one of the most entertaining movies of the year.” [62] Anne Thompson of Variety praised the film, but opined that it was not a masterpiece, claiming, “Inglourious Basterds is great fun to watch, but the movie isn’t entirely engaging… You don’t jump into the world of the film in a participatory way; you watch it from a distance, appreciating the references and the masterful mise-en-scene. This is a film that will benefit from a second viewing.”[63]

Not all reviews have been positive. British critic Peter Bradshaw stated he was “struck… by how exasperatingly awful and transcendentally disappointing it is.”[64] Author and critic Daniel Mendelsohn was disturbed by the portrayal of Jewish-American soldiers mimicking German atrocities done to European Jews, stating, “In Inglourious Basterds, Tarantino indulges this taste for vengeful violence by—well, by turning Jews into Nazis.”[65]

The reactions of critics at the Cannes premiere were mixed. The French newspaper Le Monde dismissed it, claiming, “Tarantino gets lost in a fictional World War II”.[66] However, the movie received an eight to eleven minute standing ovation by the critics after its first screening at Cannes.[67][68] In particular, Christoph Waltz was singled out for Cannes honors, receiving the Best Leading Actor award at the end of the festival.[69] Movie critic Devin Faraci of stated: “The cry has been raised long before this review, but let me continue it: Christoph Waltz needs not an Oscar nomination but rather an actual Oscar in his hands…. he must have gold.”[70].

[edit] Censorship

The German publicity site by Universal Pictures has been censored as the display of Nazi iconography is illegal in Germany. The title has the German Swastika removed and the Stahlhelm helmet has a bullet hole instead of the Nazi symbol.[71] The download section of the German site has been revised to exclude wallpaper downloads that feature the Swastika openly.

In the UK & Ireland, the film title was displayed as simply “Inglorious” on TV ads shown before the watershed.

[edit] Soundtrack

One of the more familiar tunes is the opening theme, taken from the folk ballad “The Green Leaves of Summer”, composed by Dimitri Tiomkin and Paul Francis Webster for the opening of John Wayne’s movie “The Alamo” (1960). As is usual for a Quentin Tarantino film, the music used in the film is eclectic, but mostly consisting of music in the spaghetti-western genre[72]. The soundtrack was released on August 18, 2009.

Tarantino originally wanted Ennio Morricone to compose the soundtrack for the film. Morricone refused, because of the sped-up production schedule of the film.[73] However, Tarantino did use several tracks by Morricone from previous films in the soundtrack.

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ Weinstein Co. Up Against the Wall“. Variety. Retrieved 2009-08-06.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Tarantino Wrapping Inglourious Basterds for Cannes Finish
  4. ^ a b Inglorious Basterds Begins“. IGN Entertainment. 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2008-10-14.
  5. ^ The Basterds Are Coming. Tarantino’s Inglourious Basterds“. RealNetworks. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  6. ^ Festival de Cannes: Inglourious Basterds“. Retrieved 2009-05-09.
  7. ^ Quentin Tarantino on the Inglourious Basterds Trailer“. Empire Online. Date unspecified. Retrieved 2009-08-19.
  8. ^ kdbuzz
  9. ^ Zeitchik, Steven; Borys Kit (200808-07). “Brad Pitt, Simon Pegg hang with ‘Bastards’“. The Hollywood Reporter (Nielsen Company). Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  10. ^ a b Fleming, Michael; Tatiana Siegel (200808-07). “Brad Pitt is officially a ‘Bastard’“. Variety (Reed Business Information). Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  11. ^ a b Fleming, Michael; Tatiana Siegel (200808-05). “Eli Roth on deck for ‘Bastards’“. Variety (Reed Business Information). Retrieved 2008-08-06.
  12. ^ a b article: “[ Aug 24 2009 1:17 PM EDT ‘Inglourious Basterds’ Original Cast Plans Called For Leonardo DiCaprio, Adam Sandler]”.
  13. ^
  14. ^ Basterds start training“. 2008-09-25.
  15. ^ a b c Kruger, Waltz join Tarantino film“. 2008-08-29.
  16. ^ a b c “[]”. 2008-10-09.
  17. ^ a b c Longdorf, Amy (2009-08-16). “Easton native Omar Doom gets shot at glory in Tarantino’s ‘Basterds’“. The Morning Call.,0,7959576.story. Retrieved 2009-08-23.
  18. ^ Dorment, Richard (2009-08-07). “Omar Doom: Interview with a Basterd“. Esquire Magazine. Retrieved 2009-08-23.
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^ Jaafar, Ali (200808-19). “Fassbender in talks for ‘Bastards’“. Variety (Reed Business Information). Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  23. ^
  24. ^ Fleming, Michael (200808-14). “Mike Myers enlists in ‘Bastards’“. Variety (Reed Business Information). Retrieved 2008-08-14.
  25. ^
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Inglorious Bastards Credits & Characters
  27. ^ a b c d e f g Eyman, Scott (2009-08-23). “Tarantino comes calling with a role for Rod Taylor“. Palm Beach Post (Miami Herald). Retrieved 2009-08-30.
  28. ^
  29. ^ [1]
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